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音频插件选用指南

本文是一篇音频插件的完全解读攻略,帮助大家全面、系统、通俗易懂地了解音频插件的使用与选择。适合于音乐制作初学者、和有一定经验但仍希望查漏补缺的音乐人朋友们~

整篇文章主要分为以下几个部分

1.音频插件的定义和分类

2.不同用途的音源和效果器推荐(超级干货):钢琴/键盘类、鼓/打击乐类、吉他/贝斯类、弦乐/管乐类、民族音乐类、氛围/音效类、人声类等等。

3.其他问题:安装准备,选购技巧,上手方法

什么是音频插件

随着时代进步,现代音乐制作已广泛采用电脑端工作站软件作为基础平台,结合各种电脑软件和效果,来完成从编曲、录制到混音等一系列音乐制作环节。而只要涉及电脑音乐制作,不管是入门音乐人还是业界大咖,都必然离不开两个东西:

1.宿主(Digital Audio Workstation)

宿主通常指用于音乐制作的工作站软件。工作站软件是一个大平台,一个工具箱,能提供录音、音频编辑、软音源编写、效果处理、乐谱生成等功能,以满足音乐制作的完整需求。目前常见的宿主有Cubase、Pro Tools、Studio One、Logic、Sonar、Ableton Live、FL Studio、Reaper等等。

 

 

可以在公众号菜单“历史文章”中搜索“Cubase”,找到我们的Cubase教程(连载中)

2.插件(Plug-in)

宿主像是一个武器库,但光秃秃的宿主就如四面裸墙和地板,自带音色如同初始的小刀,没有插件,战斗力就只有原始状态。只有在装入各种各样的插件后,我们的武器、装备才能得到扩展升级,我们的工作站才能从野外小屋变成史塔克大厦,创造出更丰富的声音和效果。

插件可以做什么事情,可以发出什么样的声音,笔者找了1款插件的官方视频给同学们感受一下:

一款弦乐插件,能让我们在电脑上虚拟制作出一整个弦乐团演奏的作品,只要经验和技术过关,逼真度可以和真实录制相差无几。

总的来说,音频插件是由硬件设备发展而来,在硬件物理设备中,机器对模拟信号进行处理,从而生成或改变声音。

随着时代发展,后来出现了软件形式的插件,则是对数字信号进行处理。而宿主,则是由搭载硬件的总调音台演化而成的软件。本文所有内容均特指软件插件,暂不涉及硬件范畴。

 

 

宿主的工作思路接近录音棚中的总调音台

一般来说,宿主软件本身都会自带一些基础插件。此外,来自各地的软件厂商,也独立开发了不计其数的付费或免费插件,我们可以在网上搜索、下载、试用、购买。

但是,可选的插件实在琳琅满目、五花八门,官网还都以英文为主,这可怎么办?我们应该如何选择呢?别怕,接下来让我们一一了解~

音频插件有哪些类型

事实上,哪怕是已经有一定经验的音乐人,可能也未必完全厘清音频插件的类型划分及其关系。以下介绍几种常用的分类方法:

1.按格式

目前主流的插件格式包括VST、AAX、AU格式等。

它们的主要区别是,Pro Tools宿主只支持AAX格式插件,Logic宿主只支持AU格式插件,除此以外的其他宿主都可以或只能使用VST插件。

 

 

Pro Tools是录音、混缩的行业标杆宿主

无论VST、AAX、AU都只是格式上的不同,市面上大多数插件都会推出多格式的版本,以满足在不同宿主软件、不同操作平台(Windows / Mac)、和不同系统环境(64位 / 32位)上的运行。我们需要在下载和安装时留意不要选错。

2.按功能

以VST为例,目前大家平时所说的VST概念通常泛指了VST和VSTI,这也刚好代表了以功能区分的两种插件类型,简单来说:

(1)VSTI(Virtual Studio Technology Instruments),是一种虚拟乐器技术,也就是我们常说的音源或音色。安装VSTI插件后,我们可以生成各种数字化声音。

(2)VST(Virtual Studio Technology),是一种声音处理技术,也就是我们常说的效果器。安装VST插件后,我们可以对已有的声音进行各种效果处理。

这样就很好理解了,一个负责从无到有,一个负责从有到优。

 

 

Ample的电吉他音源,可以生成电吉他的声音

 

 

一款效果器插件,可以对吉他声音加入Wah音、延时等效果

3.按架构

无论是音源还是效果器,若按照插件的应用架构,所有插件又可分为独立插件和插件平台+专用插件两种结构类型。

(1)独立插件,是指单独安装成功后,就可以在宿主软件中打开并直接使用的插件。

(2)插件平台,则在安装之后不一定能直接使用,我们还需要再下载安装符合该平台格式的专用插件,才能才借助平台有效使用。插件平台和专用插件的关系,与手机系统和APP应用的关系是同理。

比如,国内使用率较高之一的Kontakt,便是一个提供音源功能的插件平台,用户安装完Kontakt之后,还要下载Kontakt平台专用插件,才能使用相关音源。

 

 

知名采样器Kontakt,图片来自NI官网

此外,还要注意对应不同系统的不同版本。一个更新到较新操作系统的Pro Tools的Mac端用户,如需使用Kontakt音频插件,需要下载安装MacOS版本的Kontakt,安装时选择AAX格式并确保是64位,才可正常工作。

音源和效果器

上面讲到按照功能来分,音频插件可分为音源和效果器两大类。我们先说说音源。

严谨来说,我们所使用到的音源插件,按其内容性质来划分的话,可分为采样器和合成器,以及既有采样功能又有合成功能的混合型音源插件。接下来就依次介绍一下两者的功能和区别:

1.采样器

采样器指的是集成了大量声音样本的插件。当我们在使用采样器的时候,本质上是加载了那些已经被制作好的音频文件,放入自己的工程而已。

通过采样器,我们可以只用一台电脑,就“演奏”出优美的钢琴、柔和的小提琴、节拍稳定的架子鼓、狂野放荡的失真电吉他、惊悚恐怖的音效、音准无可挑剔的人声吟唱,等等。

经过数代工程师和录音师的努力,如今的采样音源已经做到了能足够拟真的程度,不同的乐器音色、弹奏力度、演奏技巧,都被尽可能地纳入采样,可以说只要音乐制作者时间多、功夫深,完全可能做出以假乱真的效果。

采样器较大的好处是降低了我们的制作门槛,无需花钱花面子请人、无需熟练掌握所有乐器的演奏,一人在家就可以创造整个乐队的声音。

事实上,得益于采样器低成本、高品质,越来越多的歌曲直接使用软音源来制作。当今我们听到的流行歌,除Live版本以外,已经很少有纯粹的原声录制作品了。

我们不讨论这是科技进步还是艺术倒退,但从音乐制作的效率和性价比来说,采样器无疑为音乐工作者提供了巨大的生产动力。

 

 

SAMPLETANK(采样坦克)采样器插件

2.合成器

合成器是直接由电脑根据电子与声学原理来产生声音的一组程序,通常会提供多种合成模式和处理功能,让我们可以对原始电声进行变化、组合、加减、排列等,以加工成为更复杂有趣的声音。

合成器是制作电子音乐必不可少的工具。一方面,它能够模拟出传统乐器的音色。另一方面,它又可以构建传统乐器难以奏出的音色及特性。

理论上,通过足够复杂的变化组合,我们可以合成出任意一种我们能听到、想象到的声音。以新、潮、酷为符号的电子音乐中,合成器带着无限的想象力站上了主舞台。

 

 

知名合成器插件SYNAPSE DUNE3

接下来介绍一下效果器:

3.效果器

首先需要说明的是,目前市面上多数音源插件,都自带了效果器功能,可以对音源插件自己的声音做一些效果处理(多数是比较简单的处理)。但是在发行级作品的完整制作流程当中,尤其是混音/母带环节,还是必须要有专门的效果器插件作为应用工具。以下介绍的就是专门的效果器插件。

 

 

以泛用性著称的Waves系列插件,图片来自Waves官网

概括来说,效果器给我们带来的作用包括两个方面:特殊处理和音频优化。

效果器的这两处作用不在于具体插件的不同,而在于使用方式的不同。

同一个EQ(均衡器)插件,将音乐频段调整至平衡合理,就是音频优化;将音乐频段扭曲得夸张奇特,就是特殊处理。

又比如我们录制了一段正常的讲话,可以通过效果器,把这段讲话变成喇叭喊话效果、打电话效果、空间反射效果、机器人说话效果等等,这些是进行特殊处理的思路。同时,而我们也可以让环境噪音减少、让声音变得更具有磁性、让音量保持平均不会忽小忽大等等,这些则属于音频优化的做法。

 

 

音响师正在使用Waves效果器调试舞台的音效,图片来自Waves官网

广义上,大家所说的“母带”工作,其实也是运用效果器对整首音乐进行统一音频优化,让它变得好听,变得迎合大众听觉审美或符合音乐工作者的艺术倾向。

无论是特殊处理还是音频优化,根据具体功能,常见的效果器包括以下几类:

频段处理均衡器(Equalizer),滤波器(Filter)

动态处理压缩器(Compressor),扩展器(Expander),限制器(Limiter)及门限器(Gate)

时间处理混响效果器(Reverb),延时效果器(Delay)

声像处理声像器(Panner),立体声扩展效果器

调制处理相位效果器(Phaser),合唱效果器(Chorus),镶边效果器(Flanger),颤音效果器(Vibrato),震音效果器(Tremolo)等

失真处理失真效果器(Drive),过载效果器(OverDrive)等

音高处理调节声音的音高

其他针对性处理人声处理器

检查分析有些“效果器”专用于检测和反馈音频的特征状态(但无法直接改变声音),从而辅助指导我们运用具体的效果器。

尚存在陌生的知识点没有关系,我们可以在装上效果器插件后逐个试验,用耳朵来获取最直接的变化。

 

 

均衡器插件frequency,可以指定8个不同的频率点进行调节

音源插件的选择

对于已经轻车熟路的老玩家们,以下内容可以作为更换“装备”的参考。而对于刚开始尝试音频插件,或准备切换新的音乐风格的朋友们,笔者也为大家分门别类进行了靠谱的整理。

关于推荐的说明:

在这里,笔者希望尽可能以当下的视角,重新评选出符合时代要求、纵向对比更优、更具有通用性的音源,优先推荐给大家。在网上的文章帖子中,容易看到一些“古董级”音源的推荐,如East West Quantum Leap、HyperSonic、GigaStudio等等,它们在当时有着时代意义,但在今天来看已不一定是较优选项。

 

 

HyperSonic,曾经划时代的波表音源

2.以下推荐仅从插件的功能、品质角度做综合考量,暂不考虑售价和电脑硬件性能要求等,请根据实际情况进行选择。

3.以下推荐均只介绍插件名称,未标注版本号,大家使用各自插件的较新可用版本即可。

接下来干货走起!

一、钢琴/键盘类

钢琴/键盘类是软件音源表现效果较好的原声乐器之一。由于不涉及如揉弦、滑弦、颤音、震音等拨弦/弓弦类乐器特有技法,软音源弹奏和真实弹奏效果已经相差无几,连脚踏板踩下的声音都能完整模拟。

利用软音源可以确保声音纯净无杂,省去录音失误的烦恼,还能做细微的音色后期调整,模拟出丰富多样的键盘类音色。

1.Addictive Keys

Addictive Keys是一套包含了三角钢琴、立式钢琴、电钢琴的集合套装,音色正宗,有多种风格模板可以直接选用。

 

 

所谓“套装”,指的是包含多款音源的集合。装一款插件,能获得多款乐器的声音。使用套装或系列音源的好处是,同一套插件内,不同器乐的设计布局一致、操作模式相同,学会了一款,就学会了所有其他款,复用性能带来高效舒畅的数字制作体验。因此在后文出现的所有插件中,笔者也会优先参看套装款或系列款。

2.Keyscape

Keyscape是规模更大的键盘乐器套装,在电钢琴、管风琴上有更多更好的选择。

 

 

此外,还有其他几款音色出色、品质高品质的音源,供参考备选:

1.Una Corda,灵性、精致而超前的钢琴音色。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

2.The Grandeur,三角钢琴。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

3.The Maverick,三角钢琴。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

4.Synthogy Ivory,包含多个三角钢琴。无基于Kontakt平台版。

 

 

注:图中康泰克、Synthogy Ivory象牙钢琴为盗版,注意甄别

5.Session Keys(系列),包含多款钢琴和电钢琴。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

6.Vintage Organs,包含多款管风琴。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

二、鼓/打击乐类

鼓/打击乐类同样是适合使用软音源来模拟的乐器。在电脑上制作鼓点节拍,能确保节奏的完全稳定性,这对于部分音乐类型来说非常重要。并且原声架子鼓的实录要耗费不少功夫,对录音师、混音师都有较高要求,对新手来说具有一定门槛。

1.Addictive Drums

Addictive Drums包含从流行、爵士、摇滚、金属、复古、到拉丁等多套架子鼓风格,能从容应对泛流行音乐风格,是泛用度较高,适合新手上手的音源。

 

 

2.Battery

Battery不仅包含了原声架子鼓采样,还有大量电子鼓音色可供下载选装,是少有的能同时胜任架子鼓和电鼓音色的插件,采样库也足够全。

 

 

其他参考备选推荐:

1.Superior Drummer,偏流行音乐风格。

 

 

Superior Drummer3

2.Studio Drummer,偏流行音乐风格。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

3.Abbey Road Modern Drummer,偏流行音乐风格。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

4.Action Striks,偏氛围音乐风格(如影视/宣传/配乐等,下同)的打击乐。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

5.Heavyocity(系列),偏氛围音乐风格的打击乐。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

出色影视打击Damage

6.Cinesamples CinePerc,含世界各地打击乐乐器,质优库全。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

三、吉他/贝司类

坦白来讲,吉他/贝司类乐器适合实录,使用音源会或多或少缺失一些自然性弹奏细节,或换言之用音源插件来模拟的成本较高,需要花费大量的精力进行细节模拟。

但是在Demo编曲、缺少乐手、乐器本身比重较小的情况下,还是可以在以下系列中选其一二。推荐:

1.Ilya Efimov(系列)

Ilya Efimov系列全套包含了钢弦木吉他、尼龙弦木吉他、电吉他、电贝司、无品电贝司等,可运用的技法丰富,扫弦、倚音、闷音、把位切换等都可以轻易操作实现。

 

 

ilya系列中实用性非常强的尼龙吉他

2.Ample Sound(系列)

Ample Sound系列全套包括了钢弦木吉他、尼龙弦木吉他、电吉他、电贝司、尤克里里等,这一系列是民族之光,国产骄傲,同样功能全面,稳居一梯队,是不少专业制作人的吉他软音源优选。

 

 

Ample Guitar SJ,图片来自Ample Sound官网

其他参考备选推荐,可作为吉他/贝司清音音色的补充:

1.MusicLab Real(系列),又叫吉他五兄弟。

 

 

RealGuitar

2.Impact Soundworks Shreddage(系列),基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

3.Trilian,业内推崇的贝司综合音源,但由于内容比较庞杂,不适合新手,所以列为备选。

 

 

四、弦乐/管乐类

同样的,由于弦乐/管乐类乐器在实际拉奏和吹奏时,需要运用多种技法以表达情绪,如果有条件,实录会更佳自然;特别是对于大型编制来说,实录反而综合性价比更高。

在软音源上,我们可以在以下几套插件中选取一两套:

1.Spitfire Audio(系列),包含了弦乐、铜管乐、木管乐、打击乐、其他交响乐乐器等,还有与Hanz Zimmer的大师合作款。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Symphonic Brass 喷火铜管

2.Chris Hein(系列),包含了弦乐、铜管乐、木管乐、打击乐、其他交响乐乐器等,操作便捷。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Winds 如歌木管

3.East West Holywood Orchestra(系列),包含了弦乐、铜管乐、木管乐、打击乐等,世界高品质获奖团队出品。

 

 

East West Holywood Orchestra 好莱坞交响乐团

4.Berlin(系列),包含了弦乐、铜管乐、木管乐、打击乐等,技法和音色细致度极高。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Berlin Orchestra Inspire 1

5.Cinesamples Cine(系列),包含了弦乐、铜管乐、木管乐、打击乐、其他交响乐乐器等,乐器种类丰富。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Cinesamples CineStrings CORE 影视弦乐

6.The Orchestra Complete,包含大量的预设乐句样本,适合高效流水线作业。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

The Orchestra Complete

6.ProjectSAM Symphobia,恐惧交响乐包含大量的预设乐句样本,适合高效流水线作业。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

ProjectSAM Symphobia Colours:Orchestrator

7.LASS(LA Scoring Strings),只有弦乐,单就弦乐而言,全面高品质。基于Kontakt平台运行。我们之前的文章就介绍了LASS2的使用技巧:《99%音乐人不知道的LASS2进阶技巧!》

 

 

五、民族音乐类

民族乐器大概是最不适合用纯软音源制作的类别了。如果所制作的音乐中民乐部分是主角,那么软音源的效果往往难尽人意。尤其是中国民乐,注重韵味传承、要求行云流水,如果想避免塑料中国风,那还是得有实录为佳。

以下按照音乐地域风格提供几套推荐:

1.各地综合,Ethno World。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Best Service 发布的 Ethno World 6 世界民族6

2.中国,Kong Audio(系列)。基于Kontakt平台运行。目前只有Windows版本。

 

 

3.日本,Sonica(系列)。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Sonica KABUKI & NOH PERCUSSION 歌舞伎&能乐打击

4.古巴/印度/中东/西非/印尼,Discovery Series(系列)。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Discovery Series 发现系列民族音源

5.中国/日本/印度,Impact Soundworks Complete World Bundle。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Impact Soundworks Complete World Bundle

以下插件已有年代感,但由于民族器乐的音色独特性,这些插件仍保持着一定价值,需要时可作为补充:

1.部落风格,Forest Kingdom。基于Engine平台运行。

 

 

Best Service Forest Kingdom 森林王国音源

2.各地民族打击乐,World Percussion。可选基于Kontakt或Engine平台运行。

 

 

Evolution Series World Percussion2.0 世界打击乐

3.中国戏鼓,Best Service Peking Opera Percussion。基于Engine平台运行。

 

 

4.中国/印度/非洲/美洲/澳洲/中东/土耳其,East West Quantum Leap Ra。

 

 

East West Quantum Leap Ra 世界民族音色-镭

5.中国/印度/波斯,East West Quantum Leap Silk。

 

 

East West Quantum Leap Silk 世界民族音色-丝路

6.俄罗斯,Ilya Efimov Russian Folk(系列)。

 

 

Ilya Efimov Russian Folk Series-Bayan

7.欧洲弹拨乐,Cinesamples Dulcimer and Zither。

 

 

另外,各种小众的世界民乐乐器也大多能找到独立插件,需要的朋友可以按需搜寻。

六、氛围/音效类

氛围/音效类音源是一个很大的话题。只要是“让人有感觉”的声音,甚至是日常生活中的各种声音采样,都可以归属于音效类音源;只要是能营造氛围感的声音,从舒缓、紧张、激烈到惊悚,从小桥流水到星际遨游,从广告宣传片到好莱坞大戏,涉及到的氛围可能性也不是潦草两句就能概括。幸运的是,这些各式各样的情绪和声音,我们大多能找到与之相符的音源或采样。

在这里,笔者主要考虑音源插件的独特性和前瞻性,为大家提供几个选择:

1.Sample Logic(系列),音效库强大,组合类型多。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Sample Logic Symphonic AI

2.RISE & HIT,专注于过渡类音效。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

RISE & HIT

3.Straylight,专注于动态过渡氛围。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Straylight

4.Analog Dreams,包含一些前沿电子音色。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Analog Dreams,来自70、80等年代的古典合成器

其实对于音效类音源,除了使用插件,我们还可以直接使用“采样包”。所谓采样包就是某类特定类型的音频素材打包,如汽车声、动物声、爆炸声、枪声等等。

有些公司专门制作了各式各样的采样包,音质和丰富度都还是不错的,其中素材较为全面的系列包括:

1.Epic Stock Media(系列)

 

 

Epic Stock Media 100 Fountains 100个喷泉音效

2.Sound Ideas(系列)

 

 

The Total Production Elements Hard Drive

包含27k个音效元素的完整音效库

3.SoundMorph(系列)

 

 

SoundMorph ROBOTIC LIFEFORMS 2 超过4100+的机器人音效

4.Cinetools(系列)

 

 

Cinetools Dark Drama-Lost 1000+诠释黑暗色彩的音效

5.Boom Library(系列)

 

 

THE FULL BOOM LIBRARY总量850G的完整音效

说明:此处主要是指以实录录音为主的采样包,并非电音音乐的合成音色采样包概念。

七、人声类

平时我们在音乐尤其是影视/游戏配乐中,听到的一些哼鸣伴唱,比如Ah、Oh、Wu这样的长发音,许多是由软件音源模拟而成的。

对于这种词音变化少、不作为主唱声部的人声声部,用音源插件来实现是完全可行的方案。

我们可以先从以下几个系列入手一试,这几组插件都各自包含了男声、女声、童声的人声类型:

1.Soundiron Voice(系列)。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Soundiron的五款人声合唱套装

2.Realitone Realivox(系列)。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

REALIVOX BLUE 女声独唱

3.Strezov Sampling公司的人声插件。基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

STORM CHOIR Ultimate 高品质风暴合唱团

4.Best Service公司的人声插件。多数基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Altus男高音独唱,文艺复兴感的声音

5.Sonokinetic公司的人声插件。多数基于Kontakt平台运行。

 

 

Sonokinetic Tutti Vox 电影人声合唱,基于Kontakt

 

八、宿主自带的音源插件

宿主之间为了提升竞争力,在试用或购买时,都会附赠一些基础插件。这些插件的好处是免二次安装(宿主软件安装时自带)、涵盖类型广(有各种乐器和合成音色)、声音质量高(自家出品有保证),不足之处是泛而不深,点到为止,但对于Demo作曲编曲来说也已基本够用。

像是Logic Pro自带的采样器、Alchemy(合成器)等,都是业界口碑之作,风格多样。

 

 

Logic自带的Alchemy合成器,可以通过分析样本的声音,合成多样化的素材

Cubase Pro自带的HALion Sonic(综合音源)、Groove Agent(鼓/节奏类)、Padshop(铺底音色)等,也都是有保障的精品音源。

先在宿主自带的音源插件上摸索游玩,体会不同声音类型的趣味、找到自己所爱,那么在后续选装其他第三方插件时,也就有了方向,能够很好地节省时间和金钱成本。

 

 

九、插件平台

1.Kontakt

Kontakt已然是行业标杆,应该是当前使用人数最多、内容最全的采样器平台之一,如果说要有一款“必装“插件,那它就不二之选。

 

 

Kontakt本身是一个采样器插件平台,我们可以选购和安装其专用插件,使我们可以在Kontakt的平台基础上使用各种采样音色。后文中提到的许多其他插件,也都需要基于Kontakt平台来运行。

Kontakt采样器自带的一套原厂音色库(Kontakt Factory Library),采样内容广泛包含了管弦乐器、流行乐器、复古乐器、打击乐器、合成音色、民族音乐等,不少采样的品质不亚于独立音源,也是一份新手宝藏。

 

 

SESSION GUITARIST – ELECTRIC SUNBURST DELUXE 自动伴奏吉他手

其他与Kontakt同类的采样器插件平台,可作为辅助性的参考备选:

1.Engine

 

 

2.SampleTank

 

 

3.HALion

 

 

十、合成器

合成器虽然看起来界面复杂,按钮旋钮繁多,但其操作思维模式大同小异,只要学精了一款合成器,也就差不多学会了其他款合成器。

所以这里给大家推荐了3款适合作为入门学习的合成器音源,但初期只需要随意选择其中一款即可:

1.Serum

 

 

2.Massive

 

 

3.ANA

 

 

这3款合成器除了通用性强以外,还有大量的原厂和额外预置(Preset)可供选择。我们可以通过加载达人们做好的预置,来直接获得不同电音风格的声音,无论作为插件学习、手法研究、或是借鉴运用,都是极好的。

另外再推荐2款混合合成器,它们的模式是基于已经制作好的音频采样进行二次合成处理,好处是有大量高品质音色采样可供下载扩展,省去了自己调制的功夫,比较适合“偷懒”:

1.Omnisphere

 

 

2.Nexus

 

 

效果器插件的选择

高品质的效果器插件套装,一般都能包含上面提到的多数功能。其中可能包含针对单个效果的插件,也包含能同时处理多个效果的复合型插件。使用插件套装是目前比较为新生代音乐人所推崇的工作方式。

当下最推荐的2款综合插件套装是:

1.Waves,大而全,并复刻了各种传统硬件效果器的模拟效果器,一套就能满足绝大多数编曲混音要求。

 

 

Waves的DIAMOND套装,包含73款效果器

2.Fabfilter,优而精,以全图形化展示和完全灵活可控的自由度为核心特点。

 

 

知名的Fabfilter Pro·Q3

此外,还有一些专攻特定领域的插件套装,如:

1.Audio Ease Altiverb,纯混响效果器,集成了最全的真实混响环境。

 

 

2.Guitar Rig,主要用于吉他效果,为电吉他注入生命力。

 

 

3.Antares Auto-Tune Bundle,主要用于人声音高的特殊处理,电音作品客。

 

 

4.iZotope Ozone,主要用于后期混音/母带处理,在软混音插件中数一数二。

 

 

安装音频插件的准备

介绍完了音源和效果器插件,我们就可以开始选购和安装啦。那么,在安装插件之前,我们需要做什么准备呢?关键是需要准备个好硬盘~

CPU、内存、声卡等固然也重要,但这些属于音乐制作的整体硬性条件,单从插件角度而言,硬盘是其主要运行瓶颈,包括:

1.硬盘容量

成千上万种插件虽然大小不等,但出色插件往往伴随着较大的硬盘占用空间,一套高品质音源插件动不动就几十GB、上百GB,准备一个大容量硬盘方能有备无患。

 

 

2.硬盘读写速度

硬盘速度的影响在于,当我们在宿主软件中打开插件时,系统会先将插件加载至电脑内存中,加载完才可以开始用。如果硬盘读写速度较慢,那么加载到内存就会耗费更多的时间,这会间接影响工作效率和心情。因此硬盘速度也不可忽视,有条件的同学可以优先考虑使用固态硬盘。

 

 

如何更好地选购插件

电脑硬件也准备好了,对插件也多少有些认识了,可是插件千千万,尽管本文已做出可能是全网最靠谱的精挑细选,但基于时间和费用成本考量,还是未必能一次性全部拿下。这时,应当如何做优先选择呢?

笔者提供几个思路:

1.结合所需。优先选择更符合自己当前音乐风格的插件。

2.进行试听。这些插件都有官网,官网都有更详细的介绍和视听片段,通过观看官方宣传视频或视听官方音频,我们可以对当下插件有一个初步的整体印象,帮助我们进一步考究。

 

 

合成器Massive的试听界面

3.单品尝试。被推荐的插件很多都是系列款,我们可以挑选其中一个先下载试用,如果好用,那么同系列的其他产品也会有同样的水准、相近的设计。

4.关注促销。各大音频厂商会在“黑色星期五”进行促销活动,可予以关注,能更便宜地购买到正版(甚至有机会拿到免费版)。

5.优惠套装。各大音频厂商会推出“优惠打包套装”,跟炸鸡全家桶一个意思,如果已经决定了“小孩子才做选择,我全都要”,那么可以直接购买打包套装(当然,价格并不便宜)。

如何更好地使用插件

最后一个问题是,当我们把插件下载好、安装好、甚至购买好、打开它,就会发现里面多数都是全英文,可以动的按键、旋钮、参数似乎也特别多,一时半会儿真不太能看懂,怎么办?

针对音频插件的上手,这里笔者也总结了几个科学有效学习方法,供大家参考:

1.阅读官方说明书

大厂出的插件,一般都会附带一份官方说明书(Mannual,或者说用户手册),PDF格式,只要有PDF阅读器就能打开来看。官方说明书一般可以在官网、插件安装目录下找到,或者在插件的应用界面中的某个角落打开。

 

 

ELECTRIC SUNBURST DELUXE的说明书目录

官方说明书是最标准的学习方法,没有之一,可惜容易被多数人忽略。完整阅读官方说明书是不错过任何插件使用细节的方法,不仅能让你充分发挥插件的效用、感受物超所值,还能在紧凑而没有多余废话的学习中快速成长,激发兴趣。

至于英文不太好的同学,也没有关系,打开翻译网站,复制粘贴我最行~

2.找相关教学视频

在音乐人网和某宝上面,以及其他音乐制作交流网站上,我们不难找到主流插件的教学视频。比自己纯零摸索要来得更直观和抓重点,并且许多是中文教程。

 

 

部分官网也会提供视频教程(图为Waves),英语好的同学可以试试

看视频的额外好处是,通过讲解,不仅能掌握插件本身的基础用法,还能通过作者的表述、进入作者的思维模式,学习或借鉴到一些编曲与混音的实战方法、甚至宿主软件的操作方法等等,可谓一举多得。

3.咨询交流

别怕问,交流是能够互相促进的。主动认识更多音乐人朋友,加一些友善健康的音乐人群(扫描文末乐哥二维码,带你进群),有问题就抛出,往往能获得不同角度的回答。

4.实践操作

多使用音频插件来上场实操,其更大的意义不在于学习未知,而在于牢记已知。插件虽多,但对于性质相近的插件,它们的用法玩法都是有共通之处的,随着经验积累,便能愈发感受到知识财富所带来的复利增长。

 

 

一款插件的官方说明书截图,可以清晰完整地了解插件功能和使用方法

写在最后

好啦,这篇音频插件完全指引手册,正文到这里就结束了。

知识在前,工具在后。不管插件多寡与否,提高我们的创作水平、制作能力、乐理,多听和多分析,才是一切的基础。好的插件也需依托好的音乐人来驾驭发挥,恰好在自身提升的过程中,也能够逐渐了解到自己的工具所需。

祝愿每一位怀抱梦想的音乐人,终能达成心愿,在音乐的道路上走得更高、行得更远。加油!

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